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Micropython Lesson 10: Door Sensor
Micropython Lesson 10

Door Sensor

Using a reed switch as a door sensor

Components Required

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Introduction

A magnetic contact switch is a reed switch encased in a plastic shell so that you can easily apply them in a door, a window or a drawer to detect if the door is open or closed.

Learning outcomes:

  • Using magnetic door sensor.

Theory

Almost all door and window sensors use a “reed switch” to determine when a protected area has been breached. A reed switch consists of a set of electrical connectors placed slightly apart. When a magnetic field is placed parallel to the electrical connectors, it pulls them together, closing the circuit. Door sensors have one reed switch and one magnet, creating a closed circuit. If someone opens an armed door or window, the magnet is pulled away from the switch, which breaks the circuit and triggers an event.

Reed switch working principal

Figure 1: Working principle of magnetic door sensor

Methodology

First, take the Magicbit door sensor and connect it with the Magicbit core. In this example, we use the 32nd pin of Magicbit to implement this. After connecting the door sensor, upload the following code for your Magicbit. Then open your serial monitor and see outputs while changing the door sensor module.

Code

 

from machine import Pin
import time

motion_sens = Pin(32, Pin.IN)

while True:
   print(motion_sens.value())
   time.sleep_ms(1000)

Explanation

When some human being is detected by the motion sensor, the output will display ‘1’, otherwise ‘0’.

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